Standing Seam Roof



Why a Vertical Seam?

A standing seam will elevate the metal joints out of the water drainage plane which facilitates a weather-resistant roof.  Metal roof coverings applied to structural roof decks with 3/12 or less slope should always specify a vertical panel joints.  These vertical seams may require additional weatherproofing measures in addition to the vertical metal lap.  “In-seam” sealant concealed in the vertical lap can help prevent wind-driven rain or pooling melt-water from compromising the joint.  A 180° mechanically-folded seam will create a more difficult path for water to follow into the building.  A capillary-break within the seam geometry will also make it difficult for water to pass.  In cold climates or regions with significant snowfall, the minimum roof-deck slope is often raised to 4/12.  Standing seams metal profiles are generally considered better prepared to resist moisture infiltration, however, the design of the joint and anticipated weather conditions are critical design considerations.  Warranty, aesthetics, testing performance, and ease of installation are common reasons for specifying a standing-seam roof.


Which Standing Seam Design?                   

Determine your preferred roof panel profile(s) then let e-Roof help you determine the best metal alternatives.  We can also assist your preferred standing-seam manufactures source GreenCoat™ color coated steel for fabrication.  Popular Architectural standing-seam metal roof (SSMR) profiles with thin (typically 1″ – 1.5″) seam heights include:

  • Double-Lock  (DLSS)             1″ – 1.5″         180° mechanical-lock, traditional aesthetic, time tested
  • Single-Lock                             1″ – 1.5″          90° mechanical-lock or “angled” standing-seam
  • T-Seam                                    1″ – 2.5″         Double 90° single-lock with cap.  2-way install & long panel lengths
  • Bulb Seam                              2.5″                Robust, round interlocking seams.  Long panels & expansion ability.
  • Snap-Seam                             1.75″              Long history & reliable “flat-top” seam for quick install
  • Snap-Lok                                 1.5″               Similar to Snap-Seam above.  Several market variations.
  • High-Seam                             1.5″                Integral “vertical-overlap” seam for steeper slopes
  • Snap-lock Nail-Strip             1″ – 1.5″         Many variations, with reduced expansion & install costs
  • Snap-Cap                               1″ – 1.5″         U-panel with separate seam cap for 2-way install

Note:  related metal roof profiles NOT included:   trapezoidal seam, batten seam, 5-V-Crimp, corrugated, & other through-fastened panels.

1″ mechanical-lock


Short Panels or “Long-Strip”?

Continuous, eave-to-ridge panels can be advantageous at lower slopes as long as the metal expansion is managed.  For steep roof pitches with long rafter lengths, shorter panel lengths (often < 15′) will require a traverse seam detail (flat-lock transition to the next panel).  Compared to “long-strip” standing-seam installations, this “cross-joint” gives the roof more “character”, texture, expansion control, and ease of handling.  Each panel system above has there own panel length limitations.  Short-strip standing-seam profiles are more often associated with mechanical-seam (single-lock & DLSS) profiles.

See the SSAB website for more information on GreenCoat™ color-coated steel and PLX foldable steel for mechanical-seam profiles.


Mechanical-seam/ Double-Lock Standing Seam  – Detail Options:

seam termination options:  90° (vertical cut), 45° (angle cut), crescent (curved cut) training videos:


Prefabricated Snap-Seam Metal Roof System

 by Isaiah Industries

ClickLock is an easy-to-install 1.75” snap-lock standing-seam system alternative to Isaiah metal shingle profiles.  Often, a vertical seam profile is more fitting for the design or functionally more appropriate for lower-slope  (down to 2/12) conditions.  In many cases a project has multiple conditions where a single profile isn’t appropriate.  ClickLock allows an architect to specify both metal roofing solutions (shingle & standing seam) panel so the project has a single-source responsibility and warranty.  Available in a 12” panel width and continuous lengths (up to 30 feet), ClickLock can also resist wind gusts up to 120 mph and is available in 8 standard colors to complement other Isaiah shingle profiles.


clicklock-ssmr                    clicklock-dimensional-drawing                   


photos © SSAB, © Isaiah Industries, & © e-Roof, inc.  All Rights Reserved.